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The Fiji Bureau of Statistics (FBS) released its preliminary report on the 2019-2020 Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) on 08 February.
Using a national basic needs poverty line (BNPL) of $2,179.39(US$1,033.28) per adult equivalent (PAE) per year (or $8717.56 (US$4,133.15) per year for a household with 4 adult equivalent), the number of individuals living in poverty is estimated from the 2019-2020 HIES to be 29.9%. This would equate to 258,053 of the total population, or 45,724 households (22.9% of all households) living in poverty during the survey period. Out of the four divisions, Eastern division recorded the highest poverty rates with 42.7%. The rates of poverty in Northern and Western divisions are estimated to be around 35.2% and 32.4% respectively.
Of the total population, the incidence of poverty in rural areas is twice the rate of poverty in urban areas. Out of all the people who have been defined as living in poverty, around 62% live in rural areas.
FROM THE FIJI TIMES – 20 October 2022
208,021 Fijians live in poverty
About 208,021 Fijians live in poverty, states the revised Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2019-2020 report released by the Fiji Bureau of Statistics.
An initial report released in August 2021 stated Fiji had a poverty rate of 29.9 per cent that was later revised to 24.1 per cent by the World Bank.
The revised report states almost a quarter of Fijians were living in poverty in 2019-2020, with rural poverty being much higher than urban poverty.
“Based on the 2019-2020 Household Income and Expenditure Survey, 24.1 per cent of Fijians, or about 208,021 individuals in 45,724 households, lived under the basic needs poverty line.”
The report states out of 386,632 Fijians living in rural areas, 141,301 were poor. Out of 477,500 people living in urban Fiji, 66,720 were poor.